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The Ice Hockey World Championships is an annual event held by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). It was preceded by the European Championship which was held from 1910 to 1932. The first World Championship tournament was decided at the 1920 Summer Olympics. Subsequently, ice hockey was featured at the Winter Olympic Games, where the World Championship was decided when the two events occurred concurrently, until the 1968 Winter Olympics. The first three championships were contested at the Olympics, while the first World Championships that were an individual event were held in 1930.[1]

The modern format for the World Championship features 16 teams in the championship group, 12 teams in Division I and 12 teams in Division II. If there are more than 40 teams, the rest compete in Division III. The teams in the championship play a preliminary and qualifying round, then the top eight teams play in the playoff medal round and the winning team is crowned World Champion. From the 1920 Olympics until the 1976 World Championships, only athletes designated as 'amateur were allowed to compete in the tournament. Because of this, players from the National Hockey League were not allowed to compete, while full-time players of the Soviet Union were allowed. In 1970, after an agreement to allow its professionals to participate was rescinded by the IIHF, Canada withdrew from the tournament. Starting in 1977, professional athletes were allowed to compete in the tournament and Canada re-entered.[2]

As of 2012, 76 tournaments have been staged. From 1920 to 1930, the Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournaments held counted as the World Championships and no tournaments in between were held. No championships were held from 1940 to 1946 due to World War II, nor during the Olympic years 1980, 1984 and 1988.[3] Ten nations have won a gold medal at the World Championships and a total of fourteen have won medals. Canada has won 47 medals, the most of any nation. The Soviet Union, which began competing in 1954 and last competed in 1991, captured a medal in every tournament they entered.[1] In winning the 2006 World Championships, Sweden became the first nation in history to win an Olympic Gold as well as a separate World Championship in the same season.[4]

ChampionsEdit

Key
     The Summer Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournament held that year counted as the World Championships.
  *   The Winter Olympic Games Ice Hockey Tournament held that year counted as the World Championships.
(#) Number of tournaments won at the time. Second number indicates total while country was part of the Soviet Union or Czechoslovakia.
Year Gold medal icon Gold Silver medal icon Silver Bronze medal icon Bronze Host city / cities Host country / countries
1920 Flag of Canada-1868-Red.svg.png Canada (1) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (1) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (1) Antwerp Belgium
1924 * Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (2) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (2) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain (1) Chamonix France
1928 * Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (3) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (1) Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland (1) St. Moritz Switzerland
1930 Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (4) Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg.png Germany (1) Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland (2) Chamonix
Berlin
Vienna
France
Germany
Austria
1931 Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (5) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (3) Flag of Austria.svg.png Austria (1) Krynica Poland
1932 * Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (6) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (4) Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg.png Germany (1) Lake Placid United States
1933 Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (1) Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (1) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (2) Prague Czechoslovakia
1934 Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (7) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (5) Flag of Germany 1933.svg.png Germany (2) Milan Italy
1935 Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (8) Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland (1) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain (2) Davos Switzerland
1936 * Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain (1) Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (2) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (1) Garmisch-Partenkirchen Germany
1937 Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (9) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain (1) Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland (3) London Great Britain
1938 Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (10) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain (2) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (3) Prague Czechoslovakia
1939 Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (11) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (6) Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland (4) Zurich and Basel Switzerland
1947 Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (1) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (2) Flag of Austria.svg.png Austria (2) Prague Czechoslovakia
1948 * Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (12) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (1) Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland (5) St. Moritz Switzerland
1949 Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (2) Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (3) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (2) Stockholm Sweden
1950 Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (13) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (7) Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland (6) London Great Britain
1951 Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (14) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (3) Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland (7) Paris France
1952 * Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (15) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (8) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (1) Oslo and Drammen Norway
1953 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (1) Flag of Germany.svg.png West Germany (2) Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland (8) Zurich and Basel Switzerland
1954 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (1) Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (4) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (2) Stockholm Sweden
1955 Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (16) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (1) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (4) Krefeld, Dortmund and Cologne West Germany
1956 * Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (2) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (9) Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada (1) Cortina Italy
1957 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (2) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (2) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (5) Moscow Soviet Union
1958 Canadian Red Ensign.svg.png Canada (17) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (3) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (3) Oslo Norway
1959 Canadian Red Ensign.svg.png Canada (18) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (4) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (6) Prague, Bratislava and Ostrava Czechoslovakia
1960 * Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (2) Canadian Red Ensign.svg.png Canada (5) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (1) Squaw Valley United States
1961 Canadian Red Ensign.svg.png Canada (19) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (2) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (2) Geneva and Lausanne Switzerland
1962 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (3) Canadian Red Ensign.svg.png Canada (6) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (3) Colorado Springs and Denver United States
1963 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (3) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (4) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (7) Stockholm Sweden
1964 * Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (4) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (5) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (8) Innsbruck Austria
1965 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (5) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (3) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (4) Tampere Finland
1966 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (6) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (4) Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (2) Ljubljana Yugoslavia
1967 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (7) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (6) Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (3) Vienna Austria
1968 * Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (8) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (5) Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (4) Grenoble France
1969 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (9) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (7) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (9) Stockholm Sweden
1970 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (10) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (8) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (10) Stockholm Sweden
1971 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (11) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (6) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (5) Bern and Geneva Switzerland
1972 Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (3) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (5) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (6) Prague Czechoslovakia
1973 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (12) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (9) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (11) Moscow Soviet Union
1974 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (13) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (7) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (7) Helsinki Finland
1975 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (14) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (8) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (8) Munich and Düsseldorf West Germany
1976 Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (4) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (6) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (9) Katowice Poland
1977 Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (5) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (10) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (3) Vienna Austria
1978 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (15) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (9) Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (5) Prague Czechoslovakia
1979 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (16) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (10) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (10) Moscow Soviet Union
1981 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (17) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (11) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (12) Gothenburg and Stockholm Sweden
1982 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (18) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (11) Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (6) Helsinki and Tampere Finland
1983 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (19) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (12) Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (7) Düsseldorf, Dortmund and Munich West Germany
1985 Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (6) Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (7) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (4) Prague Czechoslovakia
1986 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (20) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (12) Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (8) Moscow Soviet Union
1987 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (4) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (7) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (13) Vienna Austria
1989 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (21) Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (8) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (14) Stockholm and Södertälje Sweden
1990 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (22) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (13) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (15) Bern and Fribourg Switzerland
1991 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (5) Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (9) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union (5) Turku, Helsinki and Tampere Finland
1992 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (6) Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland (1) Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia (16) Prague and Bratislava Czechoslovakia
1993 Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia (1/23) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (14) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic (1/17) Dortmund and Munich Germany
1994 Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (20) Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland (2) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (11) Bolzano, Canazei and Milan Italy
1995 Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland (1) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (15) Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (9) Stockholm and Gävle Sweden
1996 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic (1/7) Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (10) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (4) Vienna Austria
1997 Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (21) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (16) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic (2/18) Helsinki, Turku and Tampere Finland
1998 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (7) Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland (3) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic (3/19) Zurich and Basel Switzerland
1999 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic (2/8) Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland (4) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (12) Oslo, Lillehammer and Hamar Norway
2000 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic (3/9) Flag of Slovakia.svg.png Slovakia (1) Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland (1) St. Petersburg Russia
2001 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic (4/10) Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland (5) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (13) Cologne, Hanover and Nuremberg Germany
2002 Flag of Slovakia.svg.png Slovakia (1) Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia (1/8) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (14) Gothenburg, Karlstad and Jönköping Sweden
2003 Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (22) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (17) Flag of Slovakia.svg.png Slovakia (1) Helsinki, Tampere and Turku Finland
2004 Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (23) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (18) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (5) Prague and Ostrava Czech Republic
2005 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic (5/11) Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (11) Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia (1/6) Innsbruck and Vienna Austria
2006 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (8) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic (1/13) Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland (2) Riga Latvia
2007 Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (24) Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland (6) Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia (2/7) Moscow and Mytishchi Russia
2008 Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia (2/24) Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (12) Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland (3) Halifax and Quebec City Canada
2009 Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia (3/25) Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (13) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (15) Kloten and Bern Switzerland
2010 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic (6/12) Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia (2/9) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (16) Cologne, Mannheim, and Gelsenkirchen Germany
2011 Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland (2) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (19) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic (4/20) Bratislava and Košice Slovakia
2012 Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia (4/26) Flag of Slovakia.svg.png Slovakia (2) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic (5/21) Helsinki and Stockholm Finland and Sweden
2013 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (9) Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland (2) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (6) Stockholm and Helsinki Sweden and Finland
2014 Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia (5/27) Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland (7) Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden (17) Minsk Belarus
2015 Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada (25) Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia (3/10) Flag of the United States.svg.png United States (7) Prague and Ostrava Czech Republic

Medal tableEdit

Countries in italics no longer compete at the World Championships.

Country Gold Silver Bronze Medals
Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union
 
5
22
27
3
7
10
2
5
7
10
34
44
Flag of Canada.svg.png Canada 25 13 09 47
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia
 
6
6
12
1
12
13
5
16
21
12
34
46
Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden 09 19 17 45
Flag of the United States.svg.png United States 02 09 07 18
Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland 02 07 03 12
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain 01 02 02 05
Flag of Slovakia.svg.png Slovakia 01 02 01 04
Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland 00 02 08 010
Flag of Germany.svg.png Germany
Flag of Germany.svg.png West Germany
 
0
0
0
1
1
2
2
0
2
3
1
4
Flag of Austria.svg.png Austria 00 00 02 02

ReferencesEdit

General
Notes
  1. 1.0 1.1 "International hockey timeline", IIHF. Retrieved on 2008-05-12. 
  2. "IIHF World Men's Championship", Hockey Canada. Retrieved on 2008-05-12. 
  3. "All Medalists: Men: IIHF World Championships". IIHF. http://www.iihf.com/iihf-home/history/all-medallists/men.html. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  4. Associated Press. "Sweden Completes 'Double' at IIHF Worlds", The Sports Network, 2006-05-21. Retrieved on 2008-05-12. 

External linksEdit

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