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Iceland

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Iceland
Flag of Iceland.svg
Continent Europe
Population 320,060
Registered players 606
Referees 25
Rinks 3
National teams Men's
Women's
Junior
National federation Ice Hockey Iceland
IIHF since May 6, 1992
IIHF ranking 36
Top league Icelandic Hockey League
Current champion Skautafélag Akureyrar


Iceland is an island country in the Nordic region of Northern Europe. Reykjavik is the capital and largest city.

OverviewEdit

National TeamsEdit

Domestic TeamsEdit

See Category:Ice hockey teams in Iceland

ArenasEdit

See Category:Arenas in Iceland

CompetitionsEdit

Competition Founded Folded Notes
Icelandic Hockey League 1991 - Top-level national competition
Icelandic Championship 1968 1991 Defunct championship
Icelandic Women's Hockey League 2006 - National women's competition

History of hockey in IcelandEdit

Second generation Icelanders (born in Canada with Icelandic parents) started playing ice hockey in Winnipeg as early as 1897. The Icelanders of Winnipeg of that time were sharply divided into two rival camps. Between 1897-1902 the two teams that had a fierce rivalry was the Icelandic Athletic Club (I.A.C.) and the Vikings. The IAC club resided in the northern parts of Winnipeg and the Vikings in the southern parts. Their rivalry was so intense that it reached into their social life as well. These two teams formed the Manitoba Icelandic League. The Vikings played in red jerseys with large white V's and white pants while the IAC had dark blue sweaters and black pants. Their home arenas were the old Brydon and McIntyre rinks.

The earliest IAC team had players such as Harry Sivertson in goal, Percy (Ben) Olafson at point and "Swanny" Swanson at cover point. As a rover they had the extremely talented "Fusi" Byron and on the forward line they had Magnus Peterson, Jack Snidal and Jack Swanson. The Vikings had the blonde Fred Olsen,who later became a member of the Montreal Victorias team that challenged for the Stanley Cup in 1903, in goal. At point there was Paul Johnston and at cover point they had robust six foot Henry Thompson. The rover position was held by crafty Magnus (Mike) Johnson. Up front they had Skuli Hanson, Arni Anderson and the huge "Big Sam" Johnson who also played at the point. The Vikings won the championship every year between 1897-1902. After the 1902 season the interest lagged and the league folded.

In 1909 Winnipeg was beginning to shake off its small town feelings and was rapidly blossoming into a big city. It was then that the Icelandic boys decided to bury the hatchet and combine to wage a joint "war" against the other leagues and teams in the city that were rapidly coming into being. So the Winnipeg Falcons, a combination of both older clubs, were founded. It would later become one of the finest amateur clubs ever. In 1910-11 they joined the Manitoba Independent league. Their original lineup looked like this: Goal: George Johannesson, Defensemen: Connie Benson and Steve Dalman, Rover: Bill Halderson, Forwards: Ole Erickson, Allan Johannesson and Steve Finnson

A couple of years later, future world champions Kurt "Konnie" Johannesson, Bobby Benson and Frank Frederickson joined the team. During the 1919-20 season the Falcons won the prestigious Allan Cup and earned the right to represent Canada at the 1920 Olympics, held in Antwerp, Belgium. The Icelanders from Winnipeg easily won the Olympic gold. Haldor Haldorson (Harold "Slim" Halderson), Frank Frederickson, Kurt "Konnie" Johannesson, Christian "Chris" Fridfinnson, Mike Goodman and Robert "Bobby" Benson would all become heroes in Winnipeg. Frederickson, Halderson and Benson all played in the NHL. Frederickson, who is in the Hall of Fame also holds the distinction of being the first Boston Bruin to have a shot on goal and scored Boston's first ever playoff goal. Immediately after having won the Olympic gold he went to Iceland to visit the government there.

American born Icelander (Buffalo) Bobby Benson, who before the Olympic tournament had played 8 games for Boston, became the first NHL'er ever to play in the Olympic games. Mike Goodman was a two time Canadian speed skating champion and was obviously tremendously fast on his skates. Other prominent second generation of Icelanders were NHL'ers like Carol "Cully" Wilson and Hall of Famer Harry Oliver

The first ice hockey games in Iceland proper were played in 1937, but organized hockey did not gain a foothold until the 1960s. The first Icelandic Championship (a "town" competition) was staged in 1968. Skautafélag Akureyrar and Skautafélag Reykjavíkur were the initial clubs to be formed in the country. The championship was held intermittently, and friendly games between the two sides were organized even in years where there was no championship. A "national" competition was also played in 1980 and 1982.

The Icelandic Skating Association was founded in 1987, and ice hockey was given a division in the association. An independent governing body, Ice Hockey Iceland, was later created. The first artificial ice rink in Iceland didn't open until 1988 in the capital of Reykjavik and a couple of years later one opened in Akureyri. The first indoor rink opened in Reykjavik in 1998. In 1990, then-IIHF president Günther Sabetzki and general secretary Jan-Åke Edvinsson visited Iceland to explore the possibility of a future membership in the IIHF. Two years later Iceland joined the federation on May 6, 1992.[1]

The same year Sabetzki visited Iceland, the country also received a visit from Swedish coaches to help instruct the players. It wasn't the first time that foreign coaches visited Iceland though - it had previously occurred in 1980 as well. In the summer of 1992, eight Icelandic juniors traveled to Sweden to attend a hockey camp there.

The Icelandic Hockey League was founded for the 1991-92 season with three teams participating, Skautafélag Akureyrar, Skautafélag Reykjavikar and Ísknattleiksfélagið Björninn. In the early 1990s five foreigners were allowed on each team. A lot of the imports have been Americans picked from the military bases around Iceland. Many of the Russian imports came from the Russian Embassy and the Finnish imports were guys who worked there. The league has been dominated by the two Skautafélag teams - Akureyrar has won 18 titles and Reykjavikur has claimed five.

The best Icelandic player of all time is Heidar Ingi Ágústsson. He won the scoring championship in Iceland several times. Some other top Icelandic players have been: Sigurdur Svein Sigurdsson, Sigurgeir Haraldsson, Àugúst Ásgrimsson, Eggert Hannesson, Runar Runarsson, Sigurdur Sveinbjarnarson, Ingvar Jónsson, and Emil Alengaard. Áugúst Ásgrimsson became the first Icelandic trained player to play abroad when he skated for the Danish Division 1 team Århus IK during the 1997-98 season.

Some top imports in the Icelandic League have included: Clark McCormick, Allan Johnson (USA), Jukka Huttonen, Pekka Santanen, Jouni Tormanen, Timo Lehtinen (Finland) and Nikolai Nefedov (Russia). Santanen and Lehtinen both played in the Finnish Liiga and Nefedov once played in the Soviet Championship League.

The men's national team made its debut at the World Championships in 1999, playing in the D Pool.[2] They won the Division III (the former D Pool) tournament in 2004 and 2006, and have played at the Division II level since 2007.

The women's national team first participated in the IIHF World Women's Championships in 2005. They won the Division IV tournament in 2008, and have played at the Division IIB level since 2012.

The junior national team became the first national hockey team from Iceland to appear on the international scene when it played in the 1997 IIHF European U18 Championship D Pool. The U18 team again played in the tournament the following year. In 1999, Iceland made its debut in Pool D of the IIHF World U20 Championship. Their best finish was fifth in Division II in 2003 and 2007.

CreditsEdit

Special thanks to Patrick H. for supplying information on this country.

ReferencesEdit


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