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The IIHF European Junior Championships were an annual ice hockey tournament organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation and held from 1968 to 1998, with an unofficial tournament being held in 1967.[1] The tournament was played as a U19 tournament from 1968-1976. In 1977, the IIHF created the IIHF World U20 Championships, and the U19 championships became U18. The tournament was dominated by the Russians (and Soviets), Czechs (and Czechoslovaks), Swedes and Finns, winning all but two of the medals in the 31 years it was held.

The U18 Championships remained strong until 1999, when the new IIHF World U18 Championships were introduced, thus rendering the U18 European Championships redundant. Two European Divisions continued until 2000, but were tiered qualifiers, alongside Asian Divisions, with promotion and relegation to the World Group B.

ChampionsEdit

U19Edit

Year Gold Silver Bronze Host
1967 (unofficial) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union
1968 Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland
1969 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of Germany.svg.png West Germany
1970 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland
1971 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia
1972 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden
1973 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union
1974 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland
1975 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of France.svg.png France
1976 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia

U18Edit

Year Gold Silver Bronze Host
1977 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Germany.svg.png West Germany
1978 Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland
1979 Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Poland.svg.png Poland
1980 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia
1981 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union
1982 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden
1983 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of Norway.svg.png Norway
1984 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Germany.svg.png West Germany
1985 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of France.svg.png France
1986 Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of Germany.svg.png West Germany
1987 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland
1988 Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia
1989 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union
1990 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden
1991 Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia
1992 Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia Flag of Norway.svg.png Norway
1993 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic Flag of Poland.svg.png Poland
1994 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland
1995 Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland Flag of Germany.svg.png Germany Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Germany.svg.png Germany
1996 Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia
1997 Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic
1998 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden

Medal TableEdit

Country Gold medal icon Gold Silver medal icon Silver Bronze medal icon Bronze Medals
Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union
 
1
11
12
2
7
9
2
5
7
5
23
28
Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden 10 7 9 26
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia
 
0
5
5
0
9
9
2
8
10
2
22
24
Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland 4 5 4 13
Flag of Germany.svg.png Germany 0 1 0 1
Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland 0 0 1 1

European Division I (Qualifier for World Group B)Edit

Year Gold Silver Bronze Host
1999 Flag of Latvia.svg.png Latvia Flag of Slovenia.svg.png Slovenia Flag of Lithuania.svg.png Lithuania Flag of Romania.svg.png Romania
2000 Flag of Kazakhstan.svg.png Kazakhstan Flag of Estonia.svg.png Estonia Flag of Slovenia.svg.png Slovenia Flag of Slovenia.svg.png Slovenia

Overall participation totalsEdit

Over the history of the tournament there were 31 'A', 30 'B', 21 'C', and 4 'D' championships
In 1976 Group 'A' grew from six members to eight.

Team Group A Group B Group C Group D Total
Flag of Austria.svg.png Austria 1 25 3 29
Flag of Belarus.svg.png Belarus 2 3 1 6
Flag of Belgium.svg.png Belgium 1 9 1 11
Flag of Bulgaria.svg.png Bulgaria 1 13 8 4 26
Flag of Croatia.svg.png Croatia 4 1 5
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg.png Czech Republic 6 6
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia 25 25
Flag of Denmark.svg.png Denmark 27 1 28
Flag of East Germany.svg.png East Germany 1 1 2
Flag of Estonia.svg.png Estonia 6 6
Flag of Finland.svg.png Finland 31 31
Flag of France.svg.png France 5 22 27
Flag of Germany.svg.png Germany 27 3 30
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain 5 15 20
Flag of Greece.svg.png Greece 1 1
Flag of Hungary.svg.png Hungary 17 10 27
Flag of Iceland.svg.png Iceland 2 2
Flag of Israel.svg.png Israel 4 4
Flag of Italy.svg.png Italy 2 24 1 25
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg.png Kazakhstan 1 1
Flag of Latvia.svg.png Latvia 6 6
Flag of Lithuania.svg.png Lithuania 5 1 6
Flag of Luxembourg.svg.png Luxembourg 1 1
Flag of the Netherlands.svg.png Netherlands 1 14 6 3 24
Flag of Norway.svg.png Norway 16 13 29
Flag of Poland.svg.png Poland 18 13 31
Flag of Romania.svg.png Romania 4 23 2 29
Flag of Russia.svg.png Russia 7 7
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro svg.png Serbia and Montenegro 1 3 4
Flag of Slovakia.svg.png Slovakia 3 1 2 6
Flag of Slovenia.svg.png Slovenia 1 5 6
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg.png Soviet Union 24 24
Flag of Spain.svg.png Spain 7 10 2 19
Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden 31 31
Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland 24 5 29
Flag of Turkey.svg.png Turkey 3 3
Flag of Ukraine.svg.png Ukraine 2 1 3 6
Flag of Yugoslavia.svg.png Yugoslavia 22 1 23
  • Former nations are italicized and listed separately from nations that continued in their stead.
  • In Group A participation totals include withdrawals (or forfeitures) by Bulgaria, Poland and Romania. Likewise Greece's only appearance is listed despite not being official because of forfeit.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Dupalcey page 528


International Ice Hockey Federation
World Championships

Ice Hockey World Championships - U20 - U18 - IIHF World Women's Championships - U18

Other competitions

Olympic Games - Champions Hockey League - Continental Cup - Challenge Cup of Asia - European Women's Champions Cup

Former

Victoria Cup - European Champions Cup - Super Cup - European Championships - European Women Championships - European Junior Championships - Asian Oceanic U18 Championships

Related articles

IIHF Centennial All-Star Team - IIHF Hall of Fame - IIHF World Ranking - List of IIHF members

IIHF European Junior Championships
Unofficial (1967)

1967

U19 (1968-1976)

1968 - 1969 - 1970 - 1971 - 1972 - 1973 - 1974 - 1975 - 1976

U18 (1977-1998)

1977 - 1978 - 1979 - 1980 - 1981 - 1982 - 1983 - 1984 - 1985 - 1986 - 1987 - 1988 - 1989 - 1990 - 1991 - 1992 - 1993 - 1994 - 1995 - 1996 - 1997 - 1998

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