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1936 Winter Olympics
1936Oly
Tournament details
Host nation Flag of Germany.svg.png Germany
Dates 19–27 January
Teams 15
Venue(s) Große Olympiaschanze,
Riessersee (in 1 host city)
Champions Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain (1 title)
Tournament statistics
Games played 37
Goals scored 165  (4.46 per game)
Scoring leader(s) Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg Hugh Farquharson 10 goals.
Teiji Honma

Teiji Honma of Japan was the first goaltender to wear a mask at the Olympic games

At the 1936 Winter Olympics, in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, the ice hockey competition would also count as that year's Ice Hockey World Championships and Ice Hockey European Championships.

The British National Team pulled off a major upset when they won the gold medal, marking a number of firsts in international ice hockey competition. Great Britain made history as the first team ever to win the Olympic, World, and European Championships and the first to win all three in the same year.[1] They were the first team to stop Canada from winning the Olympic ice hockey gold, following Canada's four consecutive gold medals. Great Britain also became the first European nation to win the World Championships, following eight wins by Canada and one by the United States.

Tournament summaryEdit

In previous Olympics, the British team had finished third (1924), and fourth (1928) but with teams that were, "largely composed of Canadian Army officers and university graduates living in the U.K."[1] It was decided that their team must be British-born this time, and while only one player on the team was born in Canada, nine of the thirteen players on the roster grew up in Canada, and eleven had played previously in Canada.[1] The CAHA, upon discovering that the rosters of the British and French teams were made up of primarily Canadians, whom they believed were ineligible, lodged a protest, and suspended the players in question.[1][2] As a result, the IIHF voted unanimously to ban Alex Archer and James Foster, however before tournament play began, Canada withdrew their protest.[3] Still unhappy with the state of affairs were the Americans, who believed the rules were not being followed,[3] and the French who were very angry that Canada did not repeal their protest with them.[2]

The tournament itself featured very close play for the medals. It was played in three rounds beginning with four groups, where the two best teams of each group moved on to two groups of four, where again the two best moved on to a final round robin group of four, to determine the medals. In the first round the Italians pulled off a major upset by beating the USA two to one, though USA would still advance to the second round.[1]

The second major upset occurred in the semi-finals, when Britain's Edgar Brenchley scored late in the third to defeat Canada two to one, setting up the eventual gold medal outcome. The format at these Olympics was to have head-to-head results from the semi-finals carried forward, so that the finals could be a four team round robin with only two additional games per team. The British team's shock victory over the Canadians, plus the win by USA over Czechoslovakia, both counted in the tables for the final round.[1] In the final round, the British team beat Czechoslovakia. then played six scoreless periods against USA before the game was called a tie, ensuring a silver or gold for the British. In the tournament's final game, Canada could win silver, and Britain gold, if Canada defeated USA, while the Americans could still achieve gold in a variety of tie-breaking scenarios. The Americans were very tired from the marathon scoreless tie, and lost one to nothing.

Another story of this Olympic hockey tournament was the participation of Rudi Ball. The Nazi leadership allowed this top player to lead their hockey team at these German hosted Olympics, making him the only Jew to represent Germany at these Olympic games.[3]

MedalistsEdit

Gold Silver Bronze
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain
Carl Erhardt (Captain)
James Foster
Gordon Dailley
Archibald Stinchcombe
Edgar Brenchley
John Coward
James Chappell
Alexander Archer
Gerry Davey
James Borland
Bob Wyman
Jack Kilpatrick
Arthur Child
Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada
Francis Moore
Arthur Nash
Herman Murray
Walter Kitchen
Raymond Milton
David Neville
Kenneth Farmer
Hugh Farquharson
Maxwell Deacon
Alexander Sinclair
Bill Thomson
James Haggarty
Ralph St. Germain
Flag of the United States.svg.png United States
Thomas Moone
Francis Shaughnessy
Philip LaBatte
Frank Stubbs
John Garrison
Paul Rowe
John Lax
Gordon Smith
Elbridge Ross
Francis Spain
August Kammer

First roundEdit

Top two teams in each group advanced to Second Round

36Olym

Game at the Olympic Stadium

Group AEdit

Pld W T L GF GA Pts
Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada 33002436
Flag of Austria.svg.png Austria 32011174
Flag of Poland.svg.png Poland 310211122
Flag of Latvia.svg.png Latvia 30033270
6 February Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada 8-1
(5-0,2-1,1-0)
Flag of Poland.svg.png Poland
7 February Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada 11-0
(2-0,3-0,6-0)
Flag of Latvia.svg.png Latvia
7 February Flag of Austria.svg.png Austria 2-1
(0-0,0-0,2-1)
Flag of Poland.svg.png Poland
8 February Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada 5-2
(4-0,1-2,0-0)
Flag of Austria.svg.png Austria
8 February Flag of Poland.svg.png Poland 9-2
(1-0,4-0,4-2)
Flag of Latvia.svg.png Latvia
9 February Flag of Austria.svg.png Austria 7-1
(4-0,0-0,3-1)
Flag of Latvia.svg.png Latvia

Group BEdit

Pld W T L GF GA Pts
Flag of Germany 1933.svg.png Germany 3201514
Flag of the United States.svg.png United States 3201524
Flag of Italy.svg.png Italy 3102252
Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland 3102152
6 February Flag of Germany 1933.svg.png Germany 0-1
(0-1,0-0,0-0)
Flag of the United States.svg.png United States
7 February Flag of the United States.svg.png United States 3-0
(0-0,3-0,0-0)
Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland
7 February Flag of Germany 1933.svg.png Germany 3-0
(1-0,1-0,1-0)
Flag of Italy.svg.png Italy
8 February Flag of Germany 1933.svg.png Germany 2-0
(0-0,1-0,1-0)
Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland
8 February Flag of the United States.svg.png United States 1-2
(0-0,0-0,1-1,0-0,0-1)
Flag of Italy.svg.png Italy
9 February Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland 1-0
(0-0,1-0,0-0)
Flag of Italy.svg.png Italy

Group CEdit

Pld W T L GF GA Pts
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia 33001006
Flag of Hungary.svg.png Hungary 32011454
Flag of France.svg.png France 3102472
Flag of Belgium.svg.png Belgium 30034200
6 February Flag of Hungary.svg.png Hungary 11-2
(1-1,2-0,8-1)
Flag of Belgium.svg.png Belgium
7 February Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia 5-0
(0-0,4-0,1-0)
Flag of Belgium.svg.png Belgium
7 February Flag of Hungary.svg.png Hungary 3-0
(0-0,1-0,2-0)
Flag of France.svg.png France
8 February Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia 3-0
(1-0,1-0,1-0)
Flag of Hungary.svg.png Hungary
8 February Flag of France.svg.png France 4-2
(1-0,0-1,0-0,1-1,2-0)
Flag of Belgium.svg.png Belgium
9 February Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia 2-0
(0-0,1-0,1-0)
Flag of France.svg.png France

Group DEdit

Pld W T L GF GA Pts
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain 2200404
Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden 2101212
Flag of Japan.svg.png Japan 2002050
6 February Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain 1-0
(1-0,0-0,0-0)
Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden
7 February Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain 3-0
(2-0,0-0,1-0)
Flag of Japan.svg.png Japan
8 February Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden 2-0
(1-0,1-0,0-0)
Flag of Japan.svg.png Japan

Second roundEdit

Top two teams in each group advanced to Final Round.

Group AEdit

Pld W T L GF GA Pts
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain 3210835
Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada 32012244
Flag of Germany 1933.svg.png Germany 3111583
Flag of Hungary.svg.png Hungary 30032220
11 February Flag of Germany 1933.svg.png Germany 2-1
(0-0,1-0,1-1)
Flag of Hungary.svg.png Hungary
11 February Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain 2-1
(1-1,0-0,1-0)
Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada
12 February Flag of Germany 1933.svg.png Germany 1-1
(0-0,0-1,1-0,0-0)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain
12 February Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada 15-0
(3-0,9-0,3-0)
Flag of Hungary.svg.png Hungary
13 February Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain 5-1
(1-0,3-1,1-0)
Flag of Hungary.svg.png Hungary
13 February Flag of Germany 1933.svg.png Germany 2-6
(0-1,0-3,2-2)
Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada

Group BEdit

Pld W T L GF GA Pts
Flag of the United States.svg.png United States 3300516
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia 3201644
Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden 3102362
Flag of Austria.svg.png Austria 3003140
11 February Flag of the United States.svg.png United States 2-0
(0-0,2-0,0-0)
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia
11 February Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden 1-0
(1-0,0-0,0-0)
Flag of Austria.svg.png Austria
12 February Flag of the United States.svg.png United States 1-0
(0-0,1-0,0-0)
Flag of Austria.svg.png Austria
12 February Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia 4-1
(0-1,2-0,2-0)
Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden
13 February Flag of the United States.svg.png United States 2-1
(0-0,1-1,1-0)
Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden
13 February Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia 2-1
(0-0,2-1,0-0)
Flag of Austria.svg.png Austria

Final roundEdit

Pld W T L GF GA Pts
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain 3210715
Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada 3201924
Flag of the United States.svg.png United States 3111213
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia 30030140
11 February Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain 2-1
(1-1, 0-0, 1-0)
Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada
11 February Flag of the United States.svg.png United States 2-0
(0-0, 2-0, 0-0)
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia
14 February Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain 5-0
(2-0,3-0,0-0)
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia
15 February Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada 7-0
(3-0,3-0,1-0)
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia
15 February Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain 0-0
(0-0,0-0,0-0,0-0,0-0,0-0)
Flag of the United States.svg.png United States
16 February Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada 1-0
(1-0,0-0,0-0)
Flag of the United States.svg.png United States

N.B. - Tournament rules stated that relevant results from the semi-final round would be carried over to the final round. After the semi-final round, the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association and the German organizers appealed against this rule and asked that in the final stage all four teams should play each other with the semi-final results ignored. This appeal was overwhelmingly rejected by the Olympic authorities. Thus, the 11 February games of Canada vs. Great Britain and the United States vs. Czechoslovakia were counted as games in the final round, hence their replication in both tables.

Final rankingEdit

Gold medal icon Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain
Silver medal icon Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg.png Canada
Bronze medal icon Flag of the United States.svg.png United States
4 Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia
5 Flag of Germany 1933.svg.png Germany
5 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden
7 Flag of Austria.svg.png Austria
7 Flag of Hungary with arms (state).svg.png Hungary
9 Flag of Italy.svg.png Italy
9 Flag of France.svg.png France
9 Flag of Japan.svg.png Japan
9 Flag of Poland.svg.png Poland
13 Flag of Belgium.svg.png Belgium
13 Flag of Latvia.svg.png Latvia
13 Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland

European Championship medal tableEdit

Gold medal icon Flag of the United Kingdom.svg.png Great Britain
Silver medal icon Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia
Bronze medal icon Flag of Germany 1933.svg.png Germany
Bronze medal icon Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden
5 Flag of Austria.svg.png Austria
5 Flag of Hungary.svg.png Hungary
7 Flag of France.svg.png France
7 Flag of Italy.svg.png Italy
7 Flag of Poland.svg.png Poland
10 Flag of Belgium.svg.png Belgium
10 Flag of Latvia.svg.png Latvia
10 Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland

Top scorerEdit

Team GP G A Pts
Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg Hugh Farquharson 81010

There is some disagreement as to the totals of Farquharson, both the IOC and IIHF maintain that he scored ten goals. Assist totals were not officially tabulated at the time, and sources indicate anywhere from five to ten.[4][5]

Team rostersEdit

See section on Medalists for the rosters of the top three teams.

Place Team Player
4 Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg.png Czechoslovakia Josef Bohac, Lolek Cetkovsky, Karel Hromadka, Drahos Jirotka, Zdenek Jirotka, Jan Kosek, Olda Kucera, Josef Maleček, Jan Peka, Jaroslav Pusbauer, Jiri Tozicka, Ladislav Trojak, Walter Ulrich
5 Flag of Germany 1933.svg.png Germany Wilhelm Egginger, Joachim von Bethmann-Hollweg, Gustav Jaenecke, Philipp Schenk, Rudi Ball, Karl Kögel, Toni Wiedemann, Herbert Schibukat, Alois Kuhn, Werner George, Georg Strobl, Paul Trautmann
6 Flag of Sweden.svg.png Sweden Herman Carlson, Sven Bergqvist, Bertil Lundell, Holger Engberg, Torsten Johncke, Yngve Liljeberg, Bertil Norberg, Wilhelm Petersén, Ake Ericson, Stig-Emanuel Andersson, Lennart Hellman, Vilhelm Larsson-Lagheim, Ruben Carlsson
7 Flag of Austria.svg.png Austria Hermann Weiss, Hans Trauttenberg, Rudolf Vojta, Oskar Nowak, Fritz Demmer, Franz Csöngei, Hans Tatzer, Willibald Stanek, Lambert Neumaier, Franz Schüßler, Emil Seidler, Sepp Göbl
8 Flag of Hungary with arms (state).svg.png Hungary Ferenc Monostori, Istvan Hircsak, Miklos Barcza, Matyas Farkas, Andras Gergely, Laszlo Gergely, Bela Haray, Frigyes Helmeczi, Zoltan Jeney, Sandor Miklos, Sandor Minder, Laszlo Rona, Ferenc Szamosi
9 Flag of Poland.svg.png Poland Jozef Stogowski, Henryk Przezdziecki, Mieczyslaw Kasprzycki, Adam Kowalski, Wladyslaw Krol, Wladyslaw Lemiszko, Witalis Ludwiczak, Czeslaw Marchewczyk, Kazimierz Sokolowski, Roman Stupnicki, Andrzej Wolkowski, Edward Zielinski
10 Flag of France.svg.png France Michel Paccard, Jacques Morisson, Philippe Boyard, Pierre Claret, Marcel Couttet, Michel Delesalle, Jean-Pierre Hagnauer, Albert Hassler, Jacques Lacarriere, Pierre Lorin, Guy Volpert
11 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg.png Italy Augusto Gerosa, Franco Rossi, Gianmario Baroni, Decio Trovati, Camillo Mussi, Gianni Scotti, Ignazio Dionisi, Mario Zucchini, Mario Maiocchi, Luigi Zucchini
12 Flag of Japan.svg.png Japan Teiji Honma, Mitsuyoshi Hiramoto, Kenichi Furuya, Nobuo Hara, Masahiro Hayama, Susumo Hirano, Tatsuo Ichikawa, Shinkichi Kamei, Kozue Kinoshita, Mastatsu Kitizawa, Torao Nihei, Toshihiko Shoji, Nobuo Sudo
13 Flag of Switzerland.svg.png Switzerland Albert Kunzler, Arnold Hirtz, Pic Cattini, Hans Cattini, Otto Heller, Ernst Hug, Herbert Kessler, Charly Kessler, Adolf Martignoni, Thomas Pleisch, Oscar Schmidt, Bibi Torriani
14 Flag of Belgium.svg.png Belgium Robert Baudinne, Georges Brohee, Walter Bastenie, Roger Bureau, Fernand Carrez, Jean De Beukelaer, Louis De Ridder, Willy Kreitz, Jef Lekens, Henry Matthysen, Georges Pootmans, Carlos Van den Driessche, Pierre Van Reysschoot
15 Flag of Latvia.svg.png Latvia Herberts Kuskis, Roberts Lapainis, Aleksejs Auzins, Janis Bebris, Roberts Blukis, Arvids Jurgens, Karlis Paegle, Arvids Petersons, Adolfs Petrovskis, Janis Rozitis, Leonids Vedejs

ImagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Duplacey p. 459
  2. 2.0 2.1 Tournament summary
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Wallechinsky p. 609
  4. Podnieks pg. 403
  5. Official games report from la84.org, pgs 107–21


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